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Knee pain is widespread. One in five persons suffers from knee problems. It is the most common joint problem in the world today. In today’s increased athletic participation, knee problems are increasing at an alarming rate. The knee joint’s primary function is to provide effortless mobility and assist with bearing the body’s weight. For the knee to help with movement and weight-bearing, the knee relies on healthy ligaments, muscles, tendons, bursae, joints, cartilage, and menisci.
This article provides an overview of knee pain causes and home remedies and knee treatment options available for the knee pain sufferer. We have provided a list of the most common knee problems below:
We have covered some of the critical knee conditions in the section below.
Each knee has two “C” shaped menisci (a plural term for meniscus). A meniscus is a soft pad made of fibrous cartilage to disperse the weight and to decrease friction. Each knee has two menisci; medial meniscus and lateral meniscus. The menisci are curved on top (concave) and flat on the bottom. The hollow top portion is concave. It enables a smooth gliding surface for the thigh bone. The flat surface at the bottom of the menisci is firmly attached to the tibia (shinbone).
Meniscal damage and tears are common causes of knee pain. Knee problems caused by torn or damaged meniscus result from friction between two bony surfaces, the thigh bone (femur) and the tibia (shinbone). Meniscus damage/tears can heal without injection or surgery with targeted therapy or treatment. However, neglecting the meniscal damage is the leading factor in knee degeneration and cartilage tears.
Cartilage is an essential component of all joints. Cartilage is the connective tissue that is softer than bones but firm in structure. There are three types:
The knee has two types of cartilage, the meniscus, and the articular (Hyaline) cartilage. In the knee, the articular cartilage covers the back of the kneecap (patella) and the end of the thigh bone at the knee (femur). The articular cartilage’s function is to provide smooth and simultaneous movements for the femur on the menisci. As mentioned earlier, the menisci offer a smooth gliding surface for the thigh bone. Therefore, a damaged, degenerated, or torn meniscus cause damage and tears to the cartilage. Tear of articular cartilage subjects the bone to excessive friction, causing irreversible damage and excruciating knee pain.
The most common knee complaint is knee pain while walking. Walking without knee pain or stiffness requires healthy muscles, ligaments, joints, cartilage, menisci, and ample amounts of synovial fluids to lubricate the joint during a walk or run. Damaged knee joint or loss of cartilage and the loss of synovial fluids (healthy joint fluids) are the primary reasons for knee pain when walking.
Another common cause of pain while walking is muscle weakness and tension. Furthermore, bursitis, tendonitis, and ligament problems are additional factors involved in knee pain during walks. Call any of our centers today to schedule a thorough assessment of your knee. An accurate diagnosis of why your knee hurts when you walk is the first step towards recovery.
A common cause of knee pain is doing too much. Another cause is aggressive exercise programs. Improper exercise or too aggressive forms of exercise can injure the knee, leading to knee pain and malfunction. For example, high-impact aerobics, running, or jumping on hard surfaces can damage the knee joint, meniscus, or support structures.
Another common mistake people make when they run up the stairs. Running up can put four to eight times your body’s weight on your knees while talking up places two times your weight. Runner’s knee, bursitis in knees, ACL injuries, PCL injuries, and Baker’s cyst are common causes of knee pain.
Start slowly, and walk before you run before engaging in a strenuous high-impact activity such as jogging or running. Try walking for a week, before running. If walking causes knee pain, you shouldn’t be running—warm up and stretch before working out. Give your body a chance to recover from exercise. If you do, high-impact activities take every other day off.
Avoid running up and downstairs and full squats. Doing knee exercises and stretching your knees’ muscles are vital for knee pain recovery and injury prevention. Proper footwear is also essential, especially if they are excessively active on hard surfaces. Keep your weight under control. Reducing one‘s weight reduces stress on the knee.
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